Geographical Distribution of Asian Mother Tongue Groups by Province

Of those Canadians having an Asian mother tongue, almost half reside in Ontario. 25% reside in British Columbia, and less than 1% live in the Maritime provinces. Of notable interest is Alberta, where the number of Asian mother tongue speakers has grown by almost 2%. British Columbia, Ontario and Quebec show a decrease in Asian mother tongue speakers since the 2011 census.

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Geographical Distribution of Asian Mother Tongue Groups
by Province
(%)
Western Canada
 BCABSKMB
Chinese*32.599.600.991.46
Punjabi39.6313.691.053.65
Tagalog (Filipino)18.2622.964.6511.25
Vietnamese17.3614.931.552.49
Tamil2.573.140.250.34
Korean33.9911.681.092.45
Urdu4.6912.953.091.43
Gujarati6.3412.082.312.86
Hindi24.1515.411.402.05
Japanese48.9211.170.731.24
Bengali4.359.583.821.61
Other**13.8518.363.173.52
     
Total25.3213.101.873.27

 

Geographical Distribution of Asian Mother Tongue Groups
by Province
(%)
Central & Eastern Canada
 ONQCNBNSPEINF
Chinese*48.086.100.250.530.220.13
Punjabi39.282.470.020.120.020.04
Tagalog (Filipino)37.883.600.260.440.080.23
Vietnamese45.1917.530.400.320.070.04
Tamil83.599.660.080.220.010.08
Korean45.483.361.010.710.080.08
Urdu72.284.970.110.270.030.13
Gujarati70.495.580.070.180.000.06
Hindi53.092.740.210.670.050.16
Japanese30.385.790.250.820.220.11
Bengali64.0115.040.290.650.050.45
Other**50.249.330.320.800.170.26
       
Total49.356.050.240.450.120.14

 

Geographical Distribution of Asian Mother Tongue Groups
by Province
(%)
Nothern Canada
 YTNTNU
Chinese*0.030.020.00
Punjabi0.020.010.00
Tagalog (Filipino)0.190.170.03
Vietnamese0.030.100
Tamil0.020.010.01
Korean0.030.030.00
Urdu0.010.020.01
Gujarati0.020.010.00
Hindi0.030.040.00
Japanese0.210.140.01
Bengali0.030.100.03
Other**0.090.090.02
    
Total0.050.050.01

Source: Statistics Canada, Mother Tongue, Single and Multiple Mother Tongue Responses, Age and Sex for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census, http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/dt-td/Rp-eng.cfm?LANG=E&APATH=3&DETAIL=0&DIM=0&FL=A&FREE=0&GC=0&GID=0&GK=0&GRP=1&PID=110181&PRID=10&PTYPE=109445&S=0&SHOWALL=0&SUB=0&Temporal=2016&THEME=118&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=, October 3, 2017.

Reproduced and distributed on an "as is" basis with the permission of Statistics Canada.

Notes: 1. Mother tongue refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual at the time of the census.
2. Figures are taken from the single response category.

* The figures for Chinese include Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, Min Dong, Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese), Wu (Shanghainese), as well as Chinese languages not otherwise specified.
** Other Asian Mother Tongue includes: Kashmiri, Konkani, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya (Odia), Sindhi, Sinhala (Sinhalese), Pashto, Indo-Iranian languages (not included elsewhere), Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu, Dravidian languages (not included elsewhere), Tibeto-Burman languages, Lao, Thai, Tai-Kadai languages (not indicated elsewhere), Khmer (Cambodian), Mongolian, Bikol, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Malay, Pampango, Pangasinan, Waray-Waray, and Austronesian languages (not included elsewhere).

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