Geographical Distribution of Asian Mother Tongue Groups by Selected Metropolitan Areas

Toronto and Vancouver are the two main cities where Asian language speakers concentrate. Among the metropolitan areas mentioned here, Quebec City has the lowest percentage (0.1%) of Canadians with an Asian mother tongue in contrast to Montreal which has almost 6%.

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Geographical Distribution of Asian Mother Tongue Groups
by Selected Metropolitan Areas
(%)
Western Canada
 VancouverEdmontonCalgarySaskatoonWinnipeg
Chinese*30.753.765.420.521.29
Punjabi30.145.547.740.423.47
Tagalog (Filipino)15.498.529.491.6210.34
Vietnamese14.675.678.660.692.40
Tamil2.321.541.330.110.29
Korean29.984.126.010.312.14
Urdu4.213.868.031.611.30
Gujarati5.785.295.130.711.91
Hindi21.897.606.680.521.88
Japanese38.722.425.540.341.12
Bengali3.663.195.662.281.51
Other**11.397.068.111.243.10
      
Total22.165.036.680.792.97

 

Geographical Distribution of Asian Mother Tongue Groups
by Selected Metropolitan Areas
(%)
Central & Eastern Canada
 TorontoOttawa-GatineauMontrealQuebecHalifax
Chinese*40.712.645.700.100.44
Punjabi34.130.792.440.000.09
Tagalog (Filipino)31.551.463.450.020.33
Vietnamese30.684.0516.260.560.25
Tamil77.871.759.590.010.18
Korean35.851.443.170.030.59
Urdu61.122.164.870.010.21
Gujarati58.941.375.520.020.16
Hindi43.512.662.630.030.60
Japanese22.112.554.730.380.57
Bengali52.404.5714.770.100.59
Other**36.533.697.970.650.69
      
Total41.052.255.670.130.37

Source: Statistics Canada, Mother Tongue, Single and Multiple Mother Tongue Responses, Age and Sex for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census, http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/dt-td/Rp-eng.cfm?LANG=E&APATH=3&DETAIL=0&DIM=0&FL=A&FREE=0&GC=0&GID=0&GK=0&GRP=1&PID=110181&PRID=10&PTYPE=109445&S=0&SHOWALL=0&SUB=0&Temporal=2016&THEME=118&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=, October 3, 2017.

Reproduced and distributed on an "as is" basis with the permission of Statistics Canada.

Notes: 1. Mother tongue refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual at the time of the census.
2. Figures are taken from the single response category.

* The figures for Chinese include Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, Min Dong, Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese), Wu (Shanghainese), as well as Chinese languages not otherwise specified.
** Other Asian Mother Tongue includes: Kashmiri, Konkani, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya (Odia), Sindhi, Sinhala (Sinhalese), Pashto, Indo-Iranian languages (not included elsewhere), Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu, Dravidian languages (not included elsewhere), Tibeto-Burman languages, Lao, Thai, Tai-Kadai languages (not indicated elsewhere), Khmer (Cambodian), Mongolian, Bikol, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Malay, Pampango, Pangasinan, Waray-Waray, and Austronesian languages (not included elsewhere).

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