Proportion of Total Population by Asian Mother Tongue by Province

Nearly 10% of Canadians have an Asian mother tongue. The percentage of Canadians with an Asian language as their mother tongue is highest in British Columbia (18.8%) and Ontario (12.7%) and lowest in Newfoundland and Labrador (0.9%).

Instantly visualize data on Canada’s national and provincial population ties with Asia on our new interactive website, The Asia Factor.

Proportion of Total Population by Asian Mother Tongue
by Province
(%)
 CanadaWestern Canada
 BCABSKMB
Chinese*3.578.792.961.131.43
Punjabi1.434.281.690.481.43
Tagalog (Filipino)1.231.692.431.833.80
Vietnamese0.450.580.570.220.31
Tamil0.400.080.110.030.04
Korean0.441.120.440.150.29
Urdu0.600.210.670.590.24
Gujarati0.310.150.320.230.24
Hindi0.310.570.420.140.18
Japanese0.120.460.120.030.04
Bengali0.210.070.170.250.09
Other**0.760.801.210.770.74
      
Total9.8218.8011.125.868.83

 

Proportion of Total Population by Asian Mother Tongue
by Province
(%)
Central & Eastern Canada
 ONQCNBNSPEINF
Chinese*4.480.940.410.721.920.31
Punjabi1.470.150.020.060.070.04
Tagalog (Filipino)1.220.190.150.210.250.19
Vietnamese0.530.340.080.050.080.01
Tamil0.870.170.010.030.010.02
Korean0.520.060.210.120.080.03
Urdu1.130.130.030.060.040.05
Gujarati0.570.070.010.020.000.01
Hindi0.440.040.030.080.030.03
Japanese0.100.030.010.040.070.01
Bengali0.350.130.030.050.030.06
Other**1.000.310.120.230.310.13
       
Total12.672.561.111.682.900.90

 

Proportion of Total Population by Asian Mother Tongue
by Province
(%)
Northern Canada
 YTNTNU
Chinese*0.960.600.14
Punjabi0.240.120.01
Tagalog (Filipino)2.241.780.38
Vietnamese0.140.380
Tamil0.070.050.04
Korean0.130.100.01
Urdu0.060.110.07
Gujarati0.060.020.01
Hindi0.100.110.01
Japanese0.250.140.01
Bengali0.060.170.07
Other**0.680.550.15
    
Total4.984.130.92

Source: Statistics Canada, Mother Tongue, Single and Multiple Mother Tongue Responses, Age and Sex for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census, http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/dt-td/Rp-eng.cfm?LANG=E&APATH=3&DETAIL=0&DIM=0&FL=A&FREE=0&GC=0&GID=0&GK=0&GRP=1&PID=110181&PRID=10&PTYPE=109445&S=0&SHOWALL=0&SUB=0&Temporal=2016&THEME=118&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=, October 3, 2017.

Reproduced and distributed on an "as is" basis with the permission of Statistics Canada.

Notes: 1. Mother tongue refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual at the time of the census.
2. Figures are taken from the single response category.

* The figures for Chinese include Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, Min Dong, Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese), Wu (Shanghainese), as well as Chinese languages not otherwise specified.
** Other Asian Mother Tongue includes: Kashmiri, Konkani, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya (Odia), Sindhi, Sinhala (Sinhalese), Pashto, Indo-Iranian languages (not included elsewhere), Kannada, Malayalam, Telugu, Dravidian languages (not included elsewhere), Tibeto-Burman languages, Lao, Thai, Tai-Kadai languages (not indicated elsewhere), Khmer (Cambodian), Mongolian, Bikol, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Malay, Pampango, Pangasinan, Waray-Waray, and Austronesian languages (not included elsewhere).

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