Canada's Merchandise Trade with Asia

The composition of Canada's imports from Asia is essentially similar to Canada’s imports from the rest of the world, concentrated in the automotive and electronics sectors. Our exports to Asia feature a higher degree of concentration, and they are more heavily commodity-based, than are our exports to the rest of the world. Coal, oils, metals and wood and woodpulp items dominate, followed by agriculture product.

Canada’s Merchandise Trade with Asia, 2018
 Canadian Imports from AsiaCanadian Exports to Asia
 Merchandise Classification%Merchandise Classification%
1Electrical machinery and equipment21.52Oil seeds and misc. fruit, grain, etc.10.97
2Boilers, mechanical appliances, etc.17.48Mineral fuels, oils10.52
3Motor vehicles, trailers, bicycles, motorcycles9.75Woodpulp; paper or paperboard scraps9.92
4Furniture and stuffed furnishings3.97Ores, slag and ash8.30
5Knitted or crocheted apparel3.90Wood and wood articles, charcoal5.70
6Iron or steel articles3.50Pearls, precious stones or metals5.51
7Woven clothing and apparel articles3.46Cereals4.97
8Plastic and plastic articles3.00Meat and edible meat offal4.28
9Toys, games, sports equipment2.99Boilers, mechanical appliances, etc.3.83
10Optical, medical, scientific, technical instrumentation2.64Fertilizers3.17
 Top 10 as % of total from Asia72.21Top 10 as % of total to Asia67.16
 Asian imports as % of Cdn total16.58Asian exports as % of Cdn total8.18

Source: Trade Data Online. Industry Canada.  March 13, 2019.
Reproduced with the permission of the Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada.

1.The table above is based on Harmonised System (HS) codes at the 2-digit level. To learn more about the HS Code system, go to

2. For the purposes of this table, Asia is defined as: Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, East Timor, Hong Kong SAR, India, Indonesia, Japan, Macau, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Zealand, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam.

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