Canada's Trade with the World, by Product

The automotive sector, along with the oil and gas sector, account for the bulk of Canada's imports and exports represented in this table. The vast majority of Canada's automotive exports are destined for the United States. Crude petroleum oil exports accounted for approximately 16% of Canada's exports to the world in 2018.

Canada’s Trade with the World, by Product, 2018
 Canadian Imports from WorldCanadian Exports to World
 Merchandise Classification%Merchandise Classification%
1Motor vehicles, trailers, bicycles, motorcycles16.43Mineral fuels, oils23.83
2Boilers, mechanical appliances, etc.15.01Motor vehicles, trailers, bicycles, motorcycles13.95
3Electrical machinery and equipment9.78Boilers, mechanical appliances, etc.7.07
4Mineral fuels, oils7.86Pearls, precious stones or metals4.23
5Plastic and plastic articles3.70Wood and wood articles, charcoal3.43
6Optical, medical, scientific, technical instrumentation2.74Plastic and plastic articles3.17
7Pharmaceutical products2.73Electrical machinery and equipment2.50
8Iron or steel articles2.36Aircraft and spacecraft2.44
9Furniture and stuffed furnishings2.03Aluminum and aluminum articles2.39
10Pearls, precious stones or metals1.92Paper and paperboard1.90
 Top 10 as % of total from the World64.54Top 10 as % of total to the World64.90

Source: Trade Data Online. Industry Canada. March 13, 2019.
Reproduced with the permission of the Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada.

Note: The table above is based on Harmonised System (HS) codes at the 2-digit level. To learn more about the HS Code system, go to

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